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Test of Memory and Learning - Second Edition (TOMAL-2)

Test of Memory and Learning - Second Edition (TOMAL-2)
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Test of Memory and Learning - Second Edition (TOMAL-2)


TOMAL-2 provides the most comprehensive coverage of memory assessment currently available in a standardised battery

Age Range:

5 years to 59 years 11 months


Individual: Core Battery - 30 minutes; Core Battery plus Supplementary - 60 minutes

Test of Memory and Learning - Second Edition (TOMAL-2)


Cecil R Reynolds,

Erin D Bigler

TOMAL-2 provides the most comprehensive coverage of memory assessment currently available in a standardised battery. This assessment permits a direct comparison across a variety of aspects of memory in a single battery. This allows the assessment of strengths and weaknesses, as well as potentially pathologic indicators of memory disturbances. This nationally standardised test evaluates general specific memory functions using eight core subtests, six supplementary subtests and 2 delayed recall tasks. 

TOMAL-2 is useful for evaluating children or adults referred for learning disabilities, traumatic brain injury, neurological diseases, serious emotional disturbances and ADHD. 


TOMAL-2 scores include standardised or scaled scores and percentiles. Subtest scaled scores appear in a familiar metric with a mean of 10 and a standard deviation of 3. Composite scores and indexes also are scaled to a familiar metric for ease of use and comparability with other tests (M = 100; SD = 15).

Subtests and Composites

The 8 core, 6 supplemental subtests, and 2 delayed recall tasks are designed to give information on specific and general aspects of memory and are used to derive the Core Indexes and the Supplementary Indexes. Subtests include Memory for Stories (MFS), Facial Memory (FM), Word Selective Reminding (WSR), Visual Selective Reminding (VSR), Object Recall (OR), Abstract Visual Memory (AVM), Digits Forward (DF), Visual Sequential Memory (VSM), Paired Recall (PR), Memory for Location (MFL), Manual Imitation (MI), Letters Forward (LF), Digits Backward (DB), and Letters Backward (LB), along with 2 verbal delayed recall tasks and cued recall procedures.

Core Indexes

  • Verbal Memory Index
  • Nonverbal Memory Index
  • Composite Memory Index. 

Supplementary Indexes

  • Verbal Delayed Recall Index
  • Learning Index
  • Attention and Concentration Index
  • Sequential Memory Index
  • Free Recall Index
  • Associative Recall Index. 

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